The SCROLL of Phi Delta Theta for November,
of the South, maybe, the small town anyway; too much talk and too little to do.
But it's comforting. And I think maybe
some day we'll do more than talk." With
only a casual glance at the contemporary
record, we can surely say to Brother
Byrd, "You are doing talk."
Senator Thomas includes in his discussions Jefferson's well-known, but frequently misinterpreted, remarks on revolution. What Jefferson actually said is,
"If there be any among us who would
wish to dissolve this Union, or to change
its republican form, let them stand, undisturbed, as monuments of safety with
which error of opinion may be tolerated
Thomas Jefferson, World Citizen. By El- where reason is left free to combat it" (p.
bert D. Thomas. New York: Modem 159). There is no suggestion that revoluAge Books, 1942. Pp. viii -f 280. $2.75. tion is advisable, only that those who
There is no dearth of books on the wish it have the right to their opinion.
life and works of Thomas Jefferson, but As Senator Thomas observes, revolution,
none could be more timely than this one or change, can be achieved in a democdealing with Jefferson as a world citizen racy by the legally constituted authoriby the senior Senator from Utah, Elbert ties.
D. Thomas, Utah '06. In the preface
Thomas Jefferson never felt that one
Senator Thomas says, "The theory of the country should dictate to another the
world as a unit, which has held my type of government to be followed. He
attention for many years, I have found I'ecognized the rights of all nations to
confirmed time and again in my study of self-government. In the concluding chapthe writings of Thomas Jefferson, the ter. Senator Thomas analyzes the possible
universally recognized American spokes- forces that make a world citizen and
man of those searching for human lib- states that world citizenship is not neceserty." In the introductory chapter Sena- sarily the product of experience or learntor Thomas recognizes world economic ing, but is built upon an attitude. In
and physical unity as an unavoidable spite of the limitations of his time and
fact and throughout the book emphasizes environment, Jefferson possessed that atthose statements of Jefferson which show titude. In the Memorial Room of the
his universality of thought, his anticipa- new Thomas Jefferson Memorial in
tion of a world-wide spread of democratic Washington are inscribed these words, "I
have sworn upon the Altar of God eterJefferson, the world citizen, may be nal hostility against every form of
seen in his attitudes toward education, tyranny over the mind of man." The
religion, agriculture, revolution, slavery, omission of specific reference to nationaland international relations. Jefferson ity is in itself significant. Senator Thomas
was convinced that- with every person deserves full credit for drawing our atable to read, and with a free press, all tention not only to some of the betterwould be safe. He had limitless con- known attributes of one of our great
fidence in the ultimate judgment of the Americans, but also to the fact that a
common man provided with a fair edu- great American can well be, even must
cation. He could say, "I readily suppose be, a citizen of the world. Thomas Jefmy opinion wrong, when opposed by the ferson, World Citizen, is extremely read
majority" (p. 136). Yet Jefferson was a able and not the least of its excellences
practical man, willing to delegate un- are the comments and analogies drawn
usual powers when external and internal from the broad experience and learning
of the Senator himself.-H.C.M.